French Friday: From the French Front

Taken from one of the Bâteaux Mouches on the River Seine

Two events and two women have marked my French week:

  • The public letter denouncing the #MeToo movement, published in the newspaper Le Monde on Tuesday. More than 100 French women in the entertainment, publishing and academic fields, the most famous among them being the actress Catherine Deneuve, have lent their signature to the controversial statement.
  • The death of the quiet yet significant French singer France Gall, on Sunday.

 

Invariably when I meet American people and we talk about French celebrities, they cite the actors Gérard Depardieu and Jean-Claude Van Damme, even if the later is Belgian and not French, the singer Edith Piaf, Amélie (that’s the American title for the French movie The Fabuleux Destin d’Amélie Poulain and not the name of the actress who is Audrey Tautou), and more recently Marion Cotillard, famous since her role in La Vie en Rose (La Môme in France), in which she brilliantly incarnates Edith Piaf.

On the other hand, I’ve never heard anyone mentioning 74-year-old actress Catherine Deneuve, a star in my native land. Deneuve admits being better known in the U.S. for being the face of Chanel in the 1970s and L’Oréal in more recent years than for her acting.

In France, Deneuve is also known for her “prises de position” or public statements.

In 1971, she was one of the 343 French women who signed a manifesto supporting abortion rights, when abortion was forbidden and punishable. These 343 women who called themselves salopes (sluts or bitches in American English) risked criminal prosecution when they signed the manifesto. Deneuve made public that she had once deliberately terminated an unwanted pregnancy. Two years later, another manifesto, this time signed by 331 French doctors declared their support for abortion rights. In 1975, the Veil law, named after Simone Veil, the Health Minister, repealed the penalty for voluntarily terminating a pregnancy during the first ten weeks (now twelve).

In the mid 1980s, due to her popularity and beauty, too, Deneuve’s image was used to represent Marianne, the national symbol of France

In 2007, Deneuve signed a petition protesting against the misogynistic treatment of the presidential candidate Ségolène Royal when she ran against Nicolas Sarkozy.

And now, in the early days of 2018, she is behind yet another letter, this time denouncing the #MeToo movement and its French counterpart #balancetonporc. The public letter has triggered immediate infuriated reactions from both sides of the Atlantic, including from Ségolène Royal.

There are several aspects in the letter that can suscitate legit concerns. Among the most cited:

* The authors defend the right of men to pester women as they please.

* They urge mothers to teach their daughters how to fight back when necessary.

* They express compassion for the men who were forced to resign “when all they did wrong was touch a knee” but no obvious compassion for the victims.

* They argue that this is a hate campaign against men.

Regardless of personal opinions about the #MeToo movement, whether it goes too far or not, whether it will really bring more equality between men and women, I will always be appalled when women go against other women, when they doubt and even dismiss their experiences.

As a French woman who has now spent more of her adult life in the U.S. than in France, I also find it ignorant when terms like “witch-hunt,” and “Puritanism” are used in 2017 and arrogant to distinguish “Anglo-Saxon feminism” from “French feminism.”

American people are maybe unashamed and excessive, bold and loud, but they are also the most generous and unafraid people I ever met. Americans are at the origins of so many movements that have changed their country and affected the rest of the world that it is impossible to ignore the current #MeToo movement, with its excesses and flaws. Any significant movement knows excessivity when it starts. No revolution is peaceful and unanimous.

Perhaps it should comfort me that Deneuve and most of the other 100 French women behind this letter are old and stuck in their old world. In fact, it makes me sad to witness the impact of decades of “culture.” Their way of thinking is so engrained that it is possibly impossible for them to see the need for change and accept the inexorable forward journey of life.

I would hope that these women use the privilege of their age and social status to help the younger women who fight for the world they want to build and want to leave to the children of tomorrow. Exactly like Catherine Deneuve and others did so generously and intelligently when they were young.

 

From Paris

Speaking of a woman who was not afraid of change and adversity.

Born in 1947, France Gall was only four years younger than Catherine Deneuve. She began her singing career at a young age and gained immediate recognition when the song Poupée de Cire, Poupée de Son, written for her by Serge Gainsbourg, earned Gall the prestigious Prix de l’Eurovision in 1965 at the age of eighteen.

Gainsbourg will write other songs for France Gall and she will quickly become one of the stars of the yéyé movement in France (for Yeah Yeah). But this is when she met the singer and songwriter Michel Berger that France Gall showed her ability for change when she started to sing more meaningfull lyrics. There was more than musical harmony between Gall and Berger since they married and had two children together.

Gall and Berger often sang the same songs that he wrote and composed. But Gall would always be more popular. No doubt due to her approachable sunny personality. I admit personal fondness for Michel Berger’s lyrics and music. He was a pretty good pianist too.

Berger died brutally of a heart attack at the age of 44. Only two years later 19-year-old daughter Pauline passed away from the consequences of cystic fibrosis. From that moment Gall pursued her humanitarian efforts in Africa more than her musical career, even though she still recorded and gave concerts.

When I lived in France France Gall didn’t really interest me. Her songs were very catchy, but I was more into British and American music. It was impossible, though, to grow up in France and not know France Gall’s most iconic songs by heart.

  • Sacré Charlemagne is one of them. Published in 1964 the song is about children dreaming of a week exclusively made of Thursdays and Sundays, at a time in France where only these days were no-school days. The simple lyrics blame Charlemagne for inventing schools. In France, Charlemagne (747-814) is falsely credited for creating the French school system. In reality, he only contributed to its early beginnings and only for boys. It is said that France Gall didn’t like this song, but I guarantee you that everyone knows it in France.
  • Poupée de Cire, Poupée de Son is of course one the songs that jumps to French people’s minds when evocating France Gall since it brought her to fame.
  • Résiste exemplifies the singer’s desire to follow her heart more than conventions to live a meaningful life.
  • Évidemment is homage to France Gall’s friend and beloved singer and activist Daniel Balavoine who died accidently in 1986 in Africa where he was leading a fund-raising effort aimed at building wells there.
  • Tout Pour la Musique, as it title implies, is simply a hymn to music and musicians.

Since France Gall’s voice was high-pitched, sounding almost like a little girl I assumed for the longest time that she was somewhat naïve, while she was in fact a strong woman who made deliberate choices to pursue both her long musical journey and humanitarian activism. She also went through the heartbreaking death of her longtime partner and daughter with grace while soon after dealing with breast cancer with the same discretion.

Since her death I’ve listened to her songs with a different ear. France Gall got a great sense of rhythm and absorbed the musical trends of her time. Behind apparent easy songs she and Berger had also an indeniable knowledge of music history. Like most musicians from her generation France Gall was fascinated by the United States and America certainly influenced Michel Berger as well, so I leave you with Ella, Elle l’A or Ella, She Has It, a song written in homage to American icon Ella Fitzgerald but also as an anthem against racism. Still timely.

 

With these two women I’m reminded of the self-contradictory nature of my native France. A country so creative in the world of the arts and yet so often reluctant to move forward.

P.S. Pour vous qui me lisez à partir de la France. Vos réactions vécues à plusieurs milliers de kilomètres m’intéressent. Elles me permettent aussi pour prendre le pouls d’un pays qui me devient de plus en plus étranger même si je reste pétrie par sa culture.

Comment avez-vous vécu ces deux événements?

Que pensez-vous de la démarche de Catherine Deneuve?

Quelle est votre chanson préférée de France Gall?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Comments

  1. J’ai suivi un peu à distance ce débat, mais je suis d’accord avec toi, il n’y a pas de mouvement qui puisse commencer et faire bouger les lignes sans quelques excès – et encore, là, je ne pense pas qu’il y ait véritablement d’excès tant l’ampleur de ce qui se dévoile est énorme – . De quel côté sont les excès ? Des siècles d’avilissement, d’absence de droits, qu’on commence à grignoter peu à peu et à quel prix ? Quand ma fille me racontait son quotidien en ville en tant que femme, comment peut-on oser parler de nuance entre drague lourde et harcèlement, agression ? Quand on a rien demandé, on a le droit d’avoir paix et respect, il me semble. Pour France Gall, pas d’avis, mais je crois qu’elle était “une femme bien”. Mais Evelyne, tu es en France ?J’espère qu’une autre fois, on se verra !

    • Merci, mon amie. Je partage ton avis. Ce n’est pas pour moi un mouvement de haine contre les hommes. Au contraire. Il y en a des millions et des millions qui sont super bien et que les femmes aiment et respectent. Moi la première. Un monde sans hommes n’est pas le but du tout, ni d’accuser tout le monde d’harcèlement. Mis nier que le problème de la rue en France ne soit pas réel illustre un fossé énorme entre l’expérience de la française jeune et ordinaire et celle des femmes plus âgées et surtout privilégiées. Le métro et le bus aux heures de pointe, elles ne doivent pas trop connaitre.
      Pour répondre à ton dernier point, non, je ne suis pas en France 😦
      Mes photos datent d’un autre voyage. À bientôt, je l’espère.

  2. I don’t know of France Gall, but I’m very familiar with Catherine Deneuve – she was in one of my favourite films ‘The Hunger’. So I found it disappointing to hear about her support for the letter – like you, I’m always very disappointed when women come out against other women. It’s good to see you Evelyne and wishing you all the best for this year.

    • Thank you, Andrea. I agree with you about the disappointement that Deneuve has recently triggered. And I will always listen to a woman telling me of her personal experiences on any topic. Good to see you too, Andrea. Hope all is well on your side of the world.

  3. Listened to Ella and really enjoyed it Evelyne. As for Me Too, it’s a movement whose time has come. In fact it is way past time. Still, I hope that the ‘baby isn’t thrown out with the bath water’ in terms of some of the more fun aspects of male/female relationships. –Curt

  4. I’ve always loved Catherine Deneuve… she seemed beautiful like Grace Kelly but unlike the Hollywood star she seemed to have guts and character and humanity in her face and in her eyes… I also felt for her when her older sister – also a well known film actress, died horribly when she crashed and her car caught fire…

    • She did great things in the past but she missed the purpose of this current movement. It seems to me that she has disconnected from women’s ordinary lives.
      I remember reading about her sister Françoise Dorléac and her tragic death. A shock that lasts an entire life for sure.
      Thank you for your visit, Valerie.

  5. How disappointing I find Catherine Deneuve’s stance. I agree, the worst thing we can do is turn on one another.

  6. The whole “me-too” movement has some issues it needs to address, but because it isn’t a movement with a leadership or any kind of administration, there’s no one to address anything and that’s the problem. It’s a problem that is long overdue in being addressed. I barely know a woman who wasn’t somehow affected by an aggressive boss, an assaulter who started out as a date or something like that.

    It has become a virtual standard in the business world — and socially. I’m glad to see it being addressed, but because there are no definitions in place about what is wrong versus what’s okay, stupid complaints are given the same weight as serious ones. If that isn’t dealt with, the whole movement will get blown into the wind and disappear. I understand the problem — that there is no real leadership. Yet somehow, there have to be some standards.

    What IS assault versus what’s just annoying? Your bad judgment is something to talk about with friends or your shrink, but it isn’t something you take to court. There are plenty of REAL assaulters and rapists. You can’t throw every man with poor judgment into the same pool with the seriously bad guys. The sea of men with poor judgement is VAST.

    I’ve been worrying for a long time that this will all come to nothing because there is no clear understanding of the parameters. I would like it to go well and turn into real social change.

    • I am so, so in agreement with you. At the very beginning of the movement I had great hope for real change. Quickly it became too Hollywoodish and then a media issue. What about other women, I thought? The ones who work in more ordinary America? They don’t have the luxury of money to hire lawyers. More importantly they need to keep their jobs.
      Then the movement suffered from the lack of leadership that you describe. There is also indeed a huge difference between bad judgment and assault as there is between harrassment in the workplace and in the street.
      Now I am also afraid to see the movement drown for lack of support from powerful women and men alike. We were very close and I still hope that the momentum is not lost, but mistakes were done that could slow down the real social change.
      Thank you so much, Marilyn for your thoughtful and honest comment.

      • This is my fear, too. Garry seems more optimistic about it than I am, but he hasn’t been down this road as often as women my age have been. By the time you are in your 70s, you’re been through ALL of it … and you’ve seen it blow up and also, blow away. Unless the movement develops some legs, I think it will vanish.

      • Based on your experience, what can WE do?

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